The Educational Technology (often called as Edtech or EduTech) is referred to as a realm of technology that aims to enhance the learning practices through utilizing digital tools. It involves the ethical practices towards facilitating the process of learning through the use of technological approaches and resources. The educational technology concerns the use of a variety of tools such as the hardware machines, media, software networking, and the underlying theoretical approaches that pertain to the application of the technology. The examples include audio or videotape, streaming videos, animations, images, computer-based learning, CD-ROM, and satellite TV. Do you want to know more about the Educational Technology? Let’s explore the 3 major types of Educational Technology:
Synchronous and Asynchronous
The process of learning is classified as either asynchronous or synchronous. The synchronous learning pertains to the instructor-led learning that takes place in the real time where all of the participants interact with each other at the same time. Both of the methods have their own pros and cons. The synchronous learning involves the exchange of ideas in a collaborative manner as more than one participant interacts during a specific time span. The major advantage of this type of learning is that it fosters the skills development of an individual. It boosts the online awareness of the student as well as enhances the effective learning skills of an individual. It is also found that it tends to improve the writing skills of most of the students. The examples of synchronous learning include virtual classrooms, Skype conversations, and face-to-face discussion sessions. The virtual Classroom meets the requirements of the students and enables the effective distance learning and face-to-face interaction. Moreover, it can be efficiently used by the educators and learners from home, schools, and any other environment to enable the productive collaboration.
On the other hand, the asynchronous learning is a self-paced learning that allows the learner to exchange the ideas without the interference of the other participants. The other participants aren’t involved at the same time. The involvement of technology in the asynchronous learning is through the following ways: discussion boards, emails, internet, hypertext, social networking, and the video and audio courses. However, the major advantage of this learning is that it allows the learner to learn at his own pace in accordance with the flexibility of the time schedule. Moreover, it also eliminates the fear of asking questions that the students inevitably encounter in a classroom of students. With the help of online courses, the students can easily earn a degree by investing in some persistent efforts. The students can also gain access to the variety of enrichment courses available online.
The Collaborative learning is an educational approach that deals with the joint intellectual efforts of a number of students. It is either aimed at the research of finding the solution to a problem or completion of a task. It involves the methodologies and environment that encourages the individuals to interact with each other and involve their significant efforts towards the completion of the task. The concepts and efforts are shared by the individuals. Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) makes use of the instructional tools in order to engage the students. It is quite similar to the term “e-learning 2.0” which enables the process of sharing of information. Moreover, it is quite an easy tool for the collaborative sharing of the information. The notion of collaborative learning can be related to the concept of learning communities and cooperative learning. As far as the teacher’s learning is concerned, the teamwork learning helps them to work collegially and improvise their practices. The benefits of collaborative learning are the enhanced problem-solving skills, development of the critical-thinking skills, improved diverse interactions, development of self-management skills and last but not the least, it also leads to the fostering of the interpersonal relationship between the people.
It is the learning type that is often referred to as the Computer-based training (CBT). It involves the self-paced activities that encourage the learning process through the help of handheld devices, laptops or computer. The personal or networked computers are usually utilized for the deliverance of the training programs. CBT can be classified as the distance learning, synchronous learning or asynchronous learning. Initially, when CBT delivered the content using the CD-ROM, it was used for teaching static processes. The learning process involved in CBT can be assessed easily through the easy scoring methods such as multiple-choice questions (MCQs), simulation and radio button. These assessments can be easily checked, scored and recorded through the online software. Moreover, it provides immediate end-user feedback and complete records in the form of certificates. It is beyond the scope of learning materials, textbooks, and classroom-based lectures.
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